|Klamath Hardy-study flaws
exposed by Western scientist - KBC (Klamath Basin Crisis)
News Report, Klamath Hardy-flow
September 9, 2003
Contact KBC: email@example.com (Jacqui Krizo)
Our Klamath Basin Water Crisis: Upholding rural Americans' rights to grow food, own property, and caretake our wildlife and natural resources.
No outside peer review.
Data from a 30%-above-average-precipitation time frame.
An operations plan that demands more water from the irrigators than the Klamath Basin can produce in most years.
A model taken from the only years that stream flow records are unavailable in the watershed.
A community and ecosystem that produces 3.4% of a watershed being destroyed by being responsible for 100% of a watershed's perceived problems.
Does this sound like a political horror movie?
Welcome to the Hardy-flow studies that are decimating the Klamath Basin economy and ecosystem.
Last night, the Klamath County Commissioners hosted a public forum with Dr. Ken Rykbost giving a power point presentation entitled, "The Klamath Watershed in Perspective: A review of historical hydrology of major features of the Klamath River watershed and evaluation of Hardy Iron Gate flow requirements."
Dr. Rykbost, Professor in Department of Crop and Soil Science at Oregon State University, is currently superintendent of the Klamath Experiment Station, part of Oregon State University.
Schooled at Cornell University in agronomy and Oregon State University with a Ph.D. in Department of Soil Science, his minor is in civil engineering, particularly in relation to the hydrology and water quality issues.
For the past 30 years, Rykbost has been involved with groundwater studies, water quality, irrigation management practices, and water conservation through irrigation systems.
Most recently he is studying water quality issues in upper Klamath Lake, and hydrology issues in the Klamath watershed.
Some of the points of Rykbost's study include:
* Minimum instream flows from Hardy studies are taken directly from Hardy Phase One Final Report and Hardy Phase Two Draft Report.
* The Klamath Project, including the refuges, account for 3.4% of the water at the mouth of the Klamath River
* Reports by Balance Hydrologics and Hardy use flows at Keno, OR from 1905-1912 for estimating pre-Klamath Project Upper Basin flows.
* Compared with long term records, 1905-1912 experienced 34% above normal inflow to UKL, and 21% above normal precipitation in Yreka, CA.
* The Lost River Slough, construction of a railroad, and diversion channels all result in increased flows at Keno compared with pre-settlement hydrology.
* Williamson River accounts for about 46% of inflow to UKL. There has been a tremendous decrease in inflows since a vast amount of ag land has been acquired for wetlands, with substantial evaporation water loss to the system.
* High summer flows requested for environmental use are only potentially available because of storage designated for agricultural irrigation.
Following the power point presentation, questions were asked of the 6-man panel regarding the Klamath Project, conservation measures, and possible future actions.
Members included Dr. Harry Carlson, University of California, Rick Woodley, Klamath County Soil and Water Conservation District, Dan Keppen, executive director of Klamath Water Users Association (KWUA), Dave Solem, Klamath Irrigation District, Ron Hathaway, OSU Extension office, and Rodney Todd, OSU Extension. Commissioner Steve West chaired the forum.
Ron Hathaway expressed the audience's general sense of dismay that the Klamath Project Operation Plan has been based upon selective use of data based on the wettest years in recorded history, and the lack of data from which the studies were derived.
Todd discussed the excellent efficiency of the Klamath Project, which the farmers paid for, and the fact that agriculture brings in over $100 million to the economy.
Since Oregon has the highest unemployment rate in the nation, $100 million is significant.
Regarding water efficiency, Solem pointed out that when we do things like improve drainage to increase return flows, we can do that, but we are 'robbing the area's wildlife and waterfowl' whose habitat is that water. We are 'depriving our entire local ecosystem' for single-species management in other areas.
Keppen praised the Klamath irrigators for the Leadership in Conservation award from the state of Oregon, that they just received for their excellence in irrigation and conservation practices.
Since the mid 90's, farmers have been involved in dozens of habitat programs.
They were also supporting two land retirement/water bank programs with reluctance, since they received no credit or benefit from these actions.
The actions were done with the idea that they would help fish and provide credit and flexibility for the project to receive irrigation water.
The absolute only credit or recognition that the irrigators received was this award.
Keppen stated that with ag accounting for only 3.4% of the water at the mouth of the Klamath River, Klamath Basin ag should not be responsible for fixing the entire watershed: "We need a watershed-wide fix."
USFWS came up with 8 reasons for the decline in coho salmon, and the Klamath Project was not included in that list.
Currently lake-level, single-species management is dictating our operations and management.
"We need sound science, and we need to educate the media."
"We need leadership in our watershed groups ... we must listen to local, on-the-ground local groups and people."
"We don't like Portland environmental groups telling us what a win-win solution is for us."
Woodley continues on the same thread, reiterating that they have done millions of dollars worth of conservation measures -- much at the irrigators' expense -- to increase efficiency and habitat.
And no matter how many $millions are spent, it is entirely thrust on Klamath Basin agriculture.
"We need conservation measures that preserves wildlife, replenishes groundwater, and sustains agriculture."
"There is no cohesive effort ... no one coordinating this effort. Why do more studies on the Chiloquin dam (which blocks 90% of sucker habitat according to USFWS studies). Do something about it."
Make storage, don't forever study it.
In discussing future actions to aid water conservation in the basin, Solem explains that we need to define our supply to know what we have to work with.
"This is virtually impossible when we get undefined 'leftover' water. When OWRD makes water conservation plans, we need to know what the benefits are and who gets those benefits. Knowing our defined supply would enhance our support of the conservation programs."
Hathaway encouraged everyone to read about the Endangered Species Act (ESA). He said you would find that nothing is resolved by single species management, lake level or river flow management. We need cooperative management, credits and incentives. "Sound science is the essential starting point along with local cooperative management."
Who has the water rights? Who will pay for the storage? Todd says that these items need to be addressed, as well as informing the public. "A lot of the ecosystem is functioning well -- providing economical and ecological benefits."
Peer-reviewed science, non-selective data, watershed-wide conservation (not just the Klamath Project), local solutions involving all stakeholders, benefits from conservation, non single-species management.
Is this too much to ask for a valley of veterans who built their own storage, increased the Klamath River historic flows, and contributes over $100,000,000 annually into the economy?
Klamath Watershed in Perspective:
A Review of Historical Hydrology of Major Features of the Klamath River Watershed and Evaluation of Hardy Iron Gate Flow Requirements
Report by Kenneth A. Rykbost
Is now available online: